Choosing a Processor & Mainboard is sometimes complicated because of too many brands & types on the market. Check out our article below as a guide for you to choose Processor & Mainboard that suits your needs.
Processor How to Choose?
Although the market there are many brands of processor that are circulating, but we are trying to narrow the choice by dividing it into two parts. It is based on availability and needs. The first part is an Intel Pentium 4 family and the two AMD Athlon 64 Family.
Both brands processor is the brand most widely sought and used by most people and both have some features that are quite different. Among these are Intel uses long instruction pipelines are designed to produce super-scale clock speeds. While at AMD did not use the feature, but rather use a feature shorter Instruction pipelines that produce good efficiency, but unfortunately could not produce a high-speed scale. For the general course both of these would be confusing, so we will try to explain how the advantages and kerurangan from each brand processor.
Intel Pentium 4 Family Commonly called the Pentium 4. Although in one family but have different speeds. Likewise, the socket being used. Most used version of the Pentium 4 is using the socket 478. In the latest version has been using the LGA 775 socket motherboard to support some of the latest output.
Prescott Is the first generation of Pentium 4 with 1 MB of L2 cache and has a speed of 3.8 GHz. However, in this processor has a fairly significant constraint, which has a fairly high heat. And the processor does not support the operating system and 64-bit applications. The bright side, this processor does have a good performance to support the needs multiaplikasi and gaming.
Pentium 4 Extreme Edition Is a premium line of processors from Intel, for desktop PC CPU. Additions have also been using the LGA 775 socket and runs on 3.46 GHz with 512 K L2 cache features coupled with 2 MB L3 cache and FSB of 1066 MHz. He is also available in 64-bit CPU.
Pentium D Intel CPU family that has a dual-core architecture. Some series are already available, including the Pentium D 840, 830, and 820 are clocked from 2.80 to 3.20 GHz with 800 MHz FSB. With L2 cache which has 2x1 Mb. With dual-core processors, expected to perform data processing with a shorter time. In addition, the processor has been equipped with EMT64T (Extended Memory 64 Technology), which supports the operating system and 64-bit applications.
If you are interested to buy an Intel processor output, presumably the ranks of the Pentium D is the ideal choice. Dual-core and 64-bit support into the main reason. Because the future all applications and operating system will use 64-bit. In addition to selling price of this processor is quite relevant, which is about U.S. $ 279.
AMD Athlon 64 Family AMD has three types of processors with different performance. Namely, Athlon 64 and FX Series, as well Sempron. Despite of all three have the same basic technology, but some features and prices offered have significant differences. Basically, AMD Athlon 64 processor is capable of producing a high velocity against applications that use lots of floating point and needs a large bandwidth. Why is that?
AMD Athlon 64 In this processor has two versions. The first version of which still use single-channel memory. The Athlon 64 using the socket 75. While the latter using the socket 939 and already has a dual-channel memory technology. For the price, of course, the Athlon 64 754 has a cheaper price than 939. Both have a 1 MB L2 cache, while for the speed offered range from 2.4 GHz to 3.0 GHz.
Athlon 64 FX This processor is a processor that is most appropriate to support the gamers, because in addition equipped with a 1 MB L2 cache with the lowest rate offered at 2.6 GHz. At the output processor either AMD Athlon 64 or Athlon 64 FX and the application already supports 64-bit operating system. And now AMD has issued a dualcore processor, the AMD Athlon 64 X2, still using socket 939.
Core Logic Chipset
As we have mentioned earlier, one of the parts to choose a motherboard that is used in addition to determining the processor, core logic chipset is also part of that is important to consider. Why is that?
If the motherboard is likened to a city, then the core logic chipset is a local government that set a flow of information. The chipset has a vital task. He will command what should be done by the USB port, also determines how fast the system to access memory. Thus the function of the core logic chipset is very important to support the computer's performance.
Today, some motherboards use two scenarios are quite different. The first scenario is a motherboard designed for Intel Pentium 4 processor. Still adopt the old way, using an embedded memory controller in the Northbridge chipset.
In this scenario, the chipset on the motherboard memory controller on duty at the same time as that is the engine controller to manage all the needs that exist. Memory controller is located in Northbridge chipsets that are spaced relatively far from the processor. The goal is to produce a large memory bus bandwidth.
The second scenario is the motherboard for the AMD Athlon 64, Athlon 64 FX and Athlon 64 X2 which has much difference with Intel. On an AMD Athlon 64, memory controller is no longer present in Northbridge chipset, but rather transferred to the processor.
In this condition, the bus memory controller can be just as fast with the speed of processor cores. Thus, making a couple of gigahertz rapid so as to produce a performance far more quickly than the first scenario.
However, this is not an absolute victory, because the magnitude of which is owned by AMD performance lacking in flexibility.
Intel does have a pretty good flexibility. For example, if you now buy an Intel Pentium 4, you can use a processor on a motherboard that uses DDR400. Likewise for the motherboard DDR2/800 even for DDR3 motherboard, which will soon be launched.
It does not happen if you use a processor or AMD Athlon 64 FX 64 because his controller tied to a single memory technology alone. So you must adjust your memory use in accordance with an integrated controller contained within the processor.
That is one reason why until now still adopt AMD 400 DDR memory technology. Because in addition to still provide flexibility to customers, AMD also assume the ability of the resulting memory bandwidth DDR 400 is still capable of handling all the needs of current computing process.
Although all referring to the memory controller chipset, but the core logic chipset itself has some very important function. Namely the performance of USB, hard drive, and how quickly and VGA PCI slot (AGP or PCIe x16) can transfer data.
Developments Last Chipset
Intelligence For now Intel has launched a motherboard with 955X and 945P chipsets that support DDR2/667, and expressly left the DDR400. But on this chipset, the most favored is the ability of the chipset supports dual-core processor.
nVIDIA After it was contrary to Intel, nVIDIA chipset now be coupled with an Intel processor. To try out a new chipset is nVIDIA nForce4 Intel Edition. Previously attended a similar chipset for Athlon 64 bases. On the chipset has to support SLI technology and are equipped with SATA 3 GB Firewall as well. But unfortunately, there is no certainty of nVIDIA, the chipset is support for dual-core processor.
VIA Although one manufacturer that is somewhat slower than the two manufacturers to develop technology that we have mentioned above, but VIA has released the VIA PT984 Pro. The uniqueness of this chipset is able to run PCI Express x16 video card is also AGP 8x. Both can run simultaneously, and supports dual monitors. However, it is different from SLI. Because the SLI configuration, capable of dividing bandwidth data from the two video cards. In addition, VIA offers two options ie DDR400 and DDR2 memory 667 so that it can adapt to his needs.
Having previously we give some tips for choosing the processor, then we will give also you how to choose the right chipset.
- The first thing you should notice is the type of chipset used. Do not be fooled by the names of unique products. Some manufacturers deliberately use a name that is unique to attract buyers. But not infrequently the results and performance that has less in accordance with its name.
- Note the speed interconnection between chipsets northbride with Southbridge. Minimum velocity using the 133 MB / s. Some of the latest product can achieve 2 GB / s. Which one should be required, it is a difficult question. For the needs of 'normal' 800 MB / s up to 1 GB / s is quite adequate. You also need consideration for the chipset configuration if there are 4 PCI Express X1 in a sourthbridge, you will need 1-2 GB / s connections to support the appropriate bandwidth, but if there is only the path X1 is connected directly to the northbridge, then the interconnection is not your need.
- Notice southbrigde chipset, motherboard manufacturers can easily switch the chipset with other chipsets. And if that happens, then some of the features that will have less and limited. Therefore you should pay attention correctly.
- Similarly, choose a motherboard, to select the proper chipset you also need a second opinion to give a proper reference. Therefore you can get from some reviews in the media about the chipset so you will not regret later on.
After we explained everything, then you live that determines the choice and survived to build a new computer. Hopefully with this guide, you are not stuck in the vote.
MOTHERBOARD INSTALLATION TIPS
Replacing the motherboard is not something difficult. Not required diploma or intelligence genius to be able to do so. But only need to require thoroughness and willingness. To do so, we will provide a guide for you.
1. Special attention to the jumpers. Until now there is no standard layout for a jumper on the motherboard. This is because industrial motherboard manufacturer, has its own layout design. Although no contrast between their respective manufacturers. However, for the first time you install the motherboard, we recommend to read the manuals. Because not all motherboard products, has a clear explanation of the text printed on the motherboard PCB. Do not guess on this.
2. Technology screws. Quite difficult to determine the appropriate category for this. Before installing the motherboard, most chassis equipped with screws that quite a lot. Optimize use. Keep all points of the motherboard installed screw fastener holes. Thus, the motherboard can be installed with adhesive on the casing. But of course it must not pairs. Adjust the length and size of screws used in accordance with the hole.
3. Use the I / O Shield. A metal plate that serves to close the gap that exist between the input / output connectors of the motherboard. With a pair of iron plates, in addition to the computer will look neat, the computer will also be closed so as not to be penetrated by dirt or insects. I / O Shield is typically provided in the sales package of a motherboard. The form is specific, tailored to the availability of I / O on motherboard products concerned. Better not use the I / O shield for another motherboard, since they can block I / O available.
4. Select the appropriate port. The assumption that the pair of SATA or PATA drive into any connector will make your system can boot. Some motherboards provide a RAID controller for SATA / PATA. For this, requires a driver that is usually included in a diskette. You must first install the new Windows XP you can boot. You should also do the setting of the first from the RAID BIOS and addresses to be used on PATA hard drive.
5. Adjust the RAM. Previously many people say that to run dual-channel, simply by placing a memory in accordance with the color. If you are installing memory on the first blue slot, the second memory must also be so. But what if the motherboard has 4 memory slots with the same color? The answer may be found on the motherboard's manual. If you do not get the right configuration for dual-channel memory, the system likely will experience significant performance degradation.
6. Use the appropriate power connectors. In the latest motherboard uses a different connector with the foregoing. Therefore, pairs all the power connectors that are applicable to that contained in the motherboard, you should never combine the two into a single power connector, because it can cause fatal damage.
7. Installation of the processor. This is the hardest part in the installation of the motherboard. Because if you mistakenly put it is not impossible that your processor will be damaged. In the old motherboard, you need a screwdriver to release the tool hook heatsink. And not a few who have a high degree of difficulty. Therefore if you are still using the old motherboard with a socket (Socket A and Socket 478) need to be careful. On the motherboard now (socket 775, 754, and 939) arguably can be installed directly without having to use a tool screwdriver. Hook the heatsink is much easier to operate, compared to earlier times processor.
FURTHER www.intel.com www.ati.com www.nvidia.com www.amd.com www.sis.com www.via.com.tw